Amur or Siberian Tiger
Panthera tigris altaica
• It is estimated that 360–406 still exist in the
wild. About 490 captive Amur tigers are managed in
zoo conservation programs.
• The Amur or Siberian tiger lives primarily in the
coniferous, scrub oak, and birch woodlands of
eastern Russia, with a few tigers found in
northeastern China and northern North Korea.
• Amur tigers are the largest of the tiger
subspecies. Males can grow up to 3.3 meters (10' 9")
long and weigh up to 300 kilograms (660 pounds).
Females are smaller, measuring about 2.6 meters (8
1/2 feet) from head to tail, and weighing about 100
to 167 kilograms (200 to 370 pounds).
• The Amur tiger's orange coloring is paler than the
coloring of other tigers. Its stripes are brown
rather than black, and are widely spaced. It has a
white chest and belly, and a thick white ruff of fur
around its neck.
• The primary prey of the Amur tiger is elk and wild
boar ( Ecology and Conservation of the Siberian
• In the Russian Far East these prey species are
unevenly distributed and move seasonally. As a
result, the territory size of Amur tigers is quite
large, ranging from 100-400 km2 (39–154 mile2) for
females to 800–1,000 km2 (309–390 mile2) for males (Nowell
and Jackson, 1996 ).
The captive program for Amur tigers is the largest
and longest managed program for any of the
subspecies. The Amur tiger served as one of the
models for the creation of scientifically managed
programs for species in captivity in zoos and
aquariums worldwide. According to the 1997
International Tiger Studbook there are about 501
Amur tigers managed in zoos. This captive population
is descended from 83 wild-caught founders. For the
most part, the Amur tiger is considered secure in
captivity, with a large, genetically diverse and